Performance economica dell'agricoltura biologica: migliora con le rotazioni, ma non per lavorazioni ridotte del terreno

Crescono gli studi che dimostrano che l'agricoltura biologica è più redditizia di quella convenzionale, e ciò è in gran parte attribuito ai prezzi più elevati pagati per il biologico. Ma un recente studio pubblicato su Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems fa un passo avanti per dimostrare che la redditività è assicurata quando per le colture biologiche vengono utilizzate pratiche che migliorano le rese, come la diversificazione delle rotazioni delle colture.

Reshaping agro-food system and closing its nitrogen cycle: the potential of combining dietary change, agroecology, and circularity

After World War II, the evolution of Europe’s agro-food system has been marked by intensified use of synthetic fertilizers, territorial specialization, and integration in global food and feed markets. This evolution led to increased nitrogen (N) losses to aquatic environments and the atmosphere, which, despite increasing environmental regulations, continues to harm ecosystems and human well-being.

“How Tillage and Crop Rotation Change the Distribution Pattern of Fungi”

Massive sequencing of fungal communities showed that climatic factors, followed by edaphic and spatial variables, are feasible predictors of fungal richness and community composition. This study, based on a long-term field experiment with tillage and no-tillage management since 1995 and with a crop rotation introduced in 2009, confirmed that tillage practices shape soil properties and impact soil fungal communities.

Introduction of Cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.) in a Rainfed Rotation to Improve Soil Organic Carbon Stock in Marginal Lands

The production of a biomass as a feedstock for biorefinery is gaining attention in many agricultural areas. The adoption of biorefinery crops (i.e., perennial cardoon) can represent an interesting option for farmers and can contribute to increase soil organic carbon stock (SOCS). The study aimed to assess the potential effect on long-term SOCS change by the introduction of cardoon in a Mediterranean marginal area (Sassari, Italy).